Myths and realities about Alzheimer's disease

Myths and misconceptions about Alzheimer’s disease abound - what it is, who gets it, and how it affects the people who have it. These myths stand in the way of understanding the disease and helping those affected.

Myth: If I’m diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease, it means my life is over.

Reality: If you or someone you know is diagnosed with the disease, you can live meaningfully and actively for many years. Eating a heart-healthy diet, exercising regularly, staying socially connected and doing things that challenge your brain also help slow disease progression. While medications may not work well for everyone, they are most effective in the early stages of the disease. That's why early diagnosis is important.

Myth: My mother had Alzheimer’s, so I’m going to get it too.

Reality: Familial Alzheimer’s disease accounts for less than 5% of all cases of Alzheimer’s disease.

Myth: Alzheimer's is a disease of the elderly.

Reality: Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive, degenerative disease of the brain. It most often occurs in people over 65, but can affect people in their 40s and 50s.

Myth: There’s a cure for it.

Reality: Alzheimer’s disease remains incurable. However, medications, support and care early in the disease can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Myth: Memory loss means Alzheimer’s disease.

Reality: Not necessarily. You may experience trouble with your memory as you age. However, if memory loss affects your day-to-day ability to function, communicate or is accompanied by a decrease in judgment or reasoning ability, it's best to see your doctor immediately.

Myth: Aluminum causes Alzheimer’s disease.

Reality: There is no conclusive evidence that shows this.

Myth: Alzheimer’s disease can be prevented.

Reality: No single treatment can prevent it. Exercising your mind and body, eating a heart-healthy diet, reducing stress and staying socially active may all help reduce your risk.

Myth: Taking supplements can prevent it.

Reality: There have been many studies on vitamins E, B, and C, gingko biloba, folate and selenium in preventing dementia. The findings have been inconclusive.

Dispelling the myths Download our brochure (print-friendly version) for more details on myths and misconceptions.

The Alzheimer Society would like to put an end to the myths surrounding Alzheimer's disease.

Learn about the disease.
Seek help.
Treat people with the disease with respect.

Last Updated: 10/01/2019